Viola lilliputana sp. nov. (Viola sect. Andinium, Violaceae), one of the world's smallest violets, from the Andes of Peru

@article{Ballard2012ViolaLS,
  title={Viola lilliputana sp. nov. (Viola sect. Andinium, Violaceae), one of the world's smallest violets, from the Andes of Peru},
  author={Harvey E. Ballard and Hugh H. Iltis},
  journal={Brittonia},
  year={2012},
  volume={64},
  pages={353-358}
}
A new violet species of Viola Sect. Andinium,Viola lilliputana, is described from a single dry puna locality on an extensive intermontane plateau southeast of Cerro Palla Palla in the high Andes of Ayacucho Department in southern Peru. This diminutive rosulate violet is evidently among the smallest in the world and probably one of the smallest terrestrial dicots. It belongs to a distinctive species group with pinnatifid leaves that is endemic to central and southern Peru, including V. hillii, V… Expand

Figures from this paper

The world's smallest Campanulaceae: Lysipomia mitsyae sp. nov.
Botanists and plant morphologists have long been fascinated by how certain species can exhibit such reduced morphologies that even their identification to genus- or family-level becomes difficult.Expand
Upping their number, addressing their risk. Viola singularis (Violaceae) revisited, and an evaluation of sect. Andinium , its higher taxonomic group
TLDR
The precarious rarity of many Viola sect Andinium taxa is analyzed, including this particular species, which is only known as a solitary specimen from a single site. Expand
Senecio canoi (Compositae), una especie nueva de los Andes de Perú
TLDR
A new species of Compositae of the high Andes of Southern Peru, Puno department, which is differing from others in the ser. Expand
Plant Species Complexes as Models to Understand Speciation and Evolution: A Review of South American Studies
ABSTRACT Identifying discontinuous entities within species complexes is a major topic in systematic and evolutionary biology. Comprehensive inventories describing and identifying species rapidly andExpand

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 12 REFERENCES
Shrinking the Violets: Phylogenetic Relationships of Infrageneric Groups in Viola (Violaceae) Based on Internal Transcribed Spacer DNA Sequences
TLDR
A phylogenetic study of the genus Viola used internal transcribed spacer (ITS) DNA sequences for 44 taxa representing many infrageneric groups in Viola plus outgroups Hybanthus concolor and Noisettia orchidiflora to find an Andean origin for the genus. Expand
Inferring Species Networks from Gene Trees in High-Polyploid North American and Hawaiian Violets (Viola, Violaceae)
TLDR
The most parsimonious species network and the fossil-based calibration of the homoeolog tree favored monophyly of the high polyploids, which has resulted from allodecaploidization 9–14 Ma, involving sympatric ancestors from the extant Viola sections Chamaemelanium, Plagiostigma, and Viola. Expand
Discovery of No. 832: An Essay in Defense of the National Science Foundation
CYTOTAXONOMY AND DISTRIBUTIONAL ECOLOGY OF WESTERN NORTH AMERICAN VIOLETS
Revision des Violacées Péruviennes
  • Candollea
  • 1941
Violaceae, Flora of Peru
  • Publications of the Field Museum of Natural History Botanical Series
  • 1941
Viola hillii Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Royal Gardens
  • Viola hillii Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Royal Gardens
  • 1928
Viola membranacea. Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 7: 123
  • Viola membranacea. Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 7: 123
  • 1909
...
1
2
...