Vineyard managers and researchers seek sustainable solutions for mealybugs, a changing pest complex

  title={Vineyard managers and researchers seek sustainable solutions for mealybugs, a changing pest complex},
  author={Kent M. Daane and Monica L. Cooper and Serguei V. Triapitsyn and Walton and Glenn Y. Yokota and David R. Haviland and Walter J. Bentley and Kris E. Godfrey and Lynn R. Wunderlich},
  journal={California Agriculture},
Mealybugs have become increasingly important vineyard pests — a result of their direct damage to the vine, their role in transmitting grapevine leafroll viruses, and the costs for their control. Numerous mealybug species are found in vineyards, and each has different biological traits that affect sustainable control options. We review the mealybug pests and their natural enemies to provide some clarification about current trends in biological control tactics and needed directions for future… 

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