Vigilance of kit foxes at water sources: A test of competing hypotheses for a solitary carnivore subject to predation

@article{Hall2013VigilanceOK,
  title={Vigilance of kit foxes at water sources: A test of competing hypotheses for a solitary carnivore subject to predation},
  author={Lucas K. Hall and Casey C. Day and Matthew D. Westover and Robert J. Edgel and Randy T. Larsen and Robert N. Knight and Brock R. McMillan},
  journal={Behavioural Processes},
  year={2013},
  volume={94},
  pages={76-82}
}
Animals that are potential prey do not respond equally to direct and indirect cues related to risk of predation. Based on differential responses to cues, three hypotheses have been proposed to explain spatial variation in vigilance behavior. The predator-vigilance hypothesis proposes that prey increase vigilance where there is evidence of predators. The visibility-vigilance hypothesis suggests that prey increase vigilance where visibility is obstructed. Alternatively, the refuge-vigilance… Expand
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