As laparoscopic approaches to core urologic procedures continue to supplant their open counterparts, the demand to train urologists who received inadequate exposure to these techniques during residency has intensified. The acquisition of laparoscopic skills has been aided greatly by the introduction of hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS). In another training method, participants completed the standard animate and inanimate course training, then entered a mentoring relationship with their instructor, including an observational period and performance of several complex laparoscopic operations with the assistance of the mentor surgeon. However, the time commitment, compensation issues, and need for temporary operating privileges are obstacles to this approach. A number of studies have demonstrated that laparoscopic skills can be measured on a videotrainer and that ability improves with repetitive performance. Senior urologists with minimal initial knowledge may benefit from laparoscopic skills training videotape analysis and critique. Laparoscopic simulators can improve, not only the psychomotor skills required to perform laparoscopy, but operative performance as well. Ultimately, preoperative images and data may be interfaced with robotic simulation software to allow practice of virtual operations with realistic tissue photo-representation prior to performing them on patients. Improvements in laparoscopic surgical simulation and application of these newly acquired skills to a simulated patient will ultimately eliminate the learning curve on actual patients and provide a useful means of establishing competence.