Video-assisted thoracoscopy.

  title={Video-assisted thoracoscopy.},
  author={Alvin H. Crawford and Eric J. Wall and Randal K. Wolf},
  journal={The Orthopedic clinics of North America},
  volume={30 3},
  pages={367-85, viii}
New therapeutic modalities for disorders of the pediatric spine must include video-assisted thoracoscopy. The endoscopic approach to the spine has involved an evolutionary approach. What began as an isolated drainage of a vertebral abscess was continued as a method of single discectomy; release of the annulus fibrosis with or without ligation of segmental vessels; rib resection for costoplasty; rib harvesting for intervertebral fusion; and most recently, insertion of correctional implants and… CONTINUE READING