Victims, heroes or martyrs? partition and the problem of memorialization in contemporary Sikh history

  title={Victims, heroes or martyrs? partition and the problem of memorialization in contemporary Sikh history},
  author={Paul R. Brass},
  journal={Sikh Formations},
  pages={17 - 31}
  • P. Brass
  • Published 1 June 2006
  • Sociology
  • Sikh Formations
Heroism and martyrdom are central values in contemporary Sikh historiography and primary symbols in their collective memory. Both are replete with the stories of numerous heroes and martyrs who faced death, unflinchingly fighting in defense of the Sikh faith and its believers (constituting the Panth or community) against overwhelming odds. Conversely, it is considered shameful for Sikhs to become mere victims, succumbing to attacks against faith and community without fighting to the death. It… 
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