Victims, Perpetrators, or Both? The Vicious Cycle of Disrespect and Cynical Beliefs about Human Nature

@inproceedings{Stavrova2020VictimsPO,
  title={Victims, Perpetrators, or Both? The Vicious Cycle of Disrespect and Cynical Beliefs about Human Nature},
  author={Olga Stavrova and Daniel Ehlebracht and Kathleen D. Vohs},
  year={2020}
}
We tested how cynicism emerges and what maintains it. Cynicism is the tendency to believe that people are morally bankrupt and behave treacherously in order to maximize self-interest. Drawing on literatures on norms of respectful treatment, we proposed that being the target of disrespect gives rise to cynical views, which predisposes people to further disrespect. The end result is a vicious cycle: cynicism and disrespect fuel one another. Study 1’s nationally-representative survey showed that… 
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Victims, perpetrators, or both? The vicious cycle of disrespect and cynical beliefs about human nature.
TLDR
It is proposed that being the target of disrespect gives rise to cynical views, which predisposes people to further disrespect, which triggers a vicious cycle: cynicism and disrespect fuel one another.