Victim fragmentation patterns and seat location supplements crash data: American Airlines flight 587.

  title={Victim fragmentation patterns and seat location supplements crash data: American Airlines flight 587.},
  author={Giovanna M. Vidoli and Amy Z. Mundorff},
  journal={Aviation, space, and environmental medicine},
  volume={83 4},
INTRODUCTION In 2001, American Airlines flight 587 crashed shortly after takeoff. All 260 people aboard and 5 people on the ground were killed. This study's objective was to explore the extent of victim injuries and fragmentation patterns along with their assumed seat locations as related to the crash event and the plane's structural damage. METHODS There were 2058 body fragments recovered and, of those, 1750 have been identified. Autopsy reports detailing injuries and extent of fragmentation… 
A New Tool for Coding and Interpreting Injuries in Fatal Airplane Crashes: The Crash Injury Pattern Assessment Tool Application to the Air France Flight AF447 Disaster (Rio de Janeiro–Paris), 1st of June 2009
A new software, Crash Injury Pattern Assessment Tool (CIPAT), to code and analyze injuries to precise cause and circumstances of deaths and confirmed major dynamics parameters of the crash event established by the French Civil Aviation Safety Investigation Authority.
Extensive unusual lesions on a large number of immersed human victims found to be from cookiecutter sharks (Isistius spp.): an examination of the Yemenia plane crash
It is suggested that cookiecutter sharks were important agents in the degradation of the corpses and thus introduced potential cognitive bias in the research of the cause and manner of death.
Identifying child victims of the South-East Asia Tsunami in Thailand
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to reveal difficulties associated with identifying child victims of the 2004 South-East Asia Tsunami at the Thai Tsunami Victim Identification (TTVI) operation
Recent advances and trends in structural health monitoring


Critical analysis of injuries sustained in the TWA flight 800 midair disaster.
The injuries sustained by the victims of the TWA Flight 800 disaster were examined to determine any correlation of injuries with structural damage and seat location and revealed no global correlation between seat position and pattern of injury.
A critical analysis of the fatal injuries resulting from the Continental flight 1713 airline disaster: evidence in favor of improved passenger restraint systems.
Minor alterations in aircraft design (secure bolting of passenger seats to the airplane superstructure) and passenger restraints (3-point lap and shoulder harness system) is proposed to positively influence survival during an airplane crash at negligible increased airline expense or passenger inconvenience.
Injury patterns in aviation-related fatalities. Implications for preventive strategies.
  • G. Li, S. Baker
  • Medicine
    The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology
  • 1997
Despite a 34% reduction in the number of aviation-related fatalities between 1980 and 1990, injury patterns were fairly stable and head injury was still the most important hazard threatening occupants' survival in aviation crashes.
The effects of structural failure on injuries sustained in the M1 Boeing 737 disaster, January 1989. NLDB Study Group.
In areas where structural damage appeared to be survivable, a number of passengers suffered disproportionately severe head injuries and it is likely that these injuries were caused by falling overhead lockers or unrestrained cabin furniture.
Analysis of injuries following the crash of Avianca Flight 52.
Autopsy data from the crash of Avianca Flight 52 on Long Island, New York, analyzes autopsy data to allow reappraisal of current restraint and safety measures.
A clinical survey of head injuries sustained in the M1 Boeing 737 disaster: recommendations to improve aircrash survival.
A clinical review was commenced to determine the mechanisms of injury in the 87 initial survivors of the M1 motorway crash, finding adoption of the fully flexed brace position for crash-landing offered significant protection from head injury and concussion, and possibly reduced injuries from behind.
Aviation-related injury morbidity and mortality: data from U.S. health information systems.
The patterns of aviation-related injuries admitted to U.S. hospitals and relate them to aviation deaths in the same period were explored to explore the patterns of injuries sustained by survivors of airplane crashes.
Anthropologist-directed triage: three distinct mass fatality events involving fragmentation of human remains
Identifying victims from mass fatality events requires the synchronization of several processes including, but not limited to, recovery, antemortem information collection, mortuary processes, death
Avulsion of the distal tibial shaft in aircraft crashes: a pathological feature of extreme decelerative injury.
  • R. Byard, M. Tsokos
  • Medicine
    The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology
  • 2006
This sign indicated a fall from height and showed that the direction of the decelerative forces had been along the axis of the legs and that the force of impact was severe enough to cause fracturing of the lower limb bones, with subsequent extrusion of bone fragments downwards through the shoes.