Victim Empathy, Social Self-Esteem, and Psychopathy in Rapists

@article{Fernandez2003VictimES,
  title={Victim Empathy, Social Self-Esteem, and Psychopathy in Rapists},
  author={Yolanda M. Fernandez and William L. Marshall},
  journal={Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment},
  year={2003},
  volume={15},
  pages={11-26}
}
The purpose of the present study was to compare the responses of 27 incarcerated rapists and 27 incarcerated nonsexual offenders using the Rapist Empathy Measure (targeting victim specific empathy deficits) and to examine the relationship between empathy with self-esteem and psychopathy for both groups. The Social Self-Esteem Inventory was used as a measure of perceived social competence and the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R; Hare, 1991) was used as a measure of psychopathy. All… 

Tables from this paper

Understanding Empathy, Self-Esteem, and Adult Attachment in Sexual Offenders and Partner-Violent Men

TLDR
The present study analyzed three variables in a prison sample of sexual offenders and partner-violent men, using the Interpersonal Reactivity Index, the Rape Empathy Measure, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Adult Attachment Questionnaire, and confirmed the low utility of nonspecific empathy, the predominance of high self-esteem, andThe difficulty of identifying an insecure attachment.

Psychopathy Moderates the Relationship Between Time in Treatment and Levels of Empathy in Incarcerated Male Sexual Offenders

TLDR
Hierarchical linear regression analyses demonstrated that level of psychopathy significantly moderated the effects of time in treatment on levels of general and victim-specific empathy, such that offenders with higher levels of Psychopathy did not exhibit greater empathy with longer reported time inreatment.

The relationship between psychopathy and moral development in young sex offenders

Abstract This study examined the relationship between psychopathic traits and moral development (moral judgement and empathy) in 85 Dutch male sex offenders between 13 and 23 years of age. Questions

Empathy in sexually sadistic offenders: an experimental comparison with non-sadistic sexual offenders.

General and Victim-Specific Empathy

TLDR
The relationship between victim specific empathy, general empathy, and overall treatment change with static risk and sexual offense reconviction data in a sample of 105 offenders who completed treatment while in prison or in the community in England and Wales is examined.

Empathy: differences between and among sexual abusers, violent criminals, and a control group

The objective was to explore, describe and compare variable empathy among three groups: sexual aggressors and off enders of minors, violent non-sexual criminals, and individuals without a history of

Creating a psychologically comfortable position: The link between empathy and cognitions in sex offenders

Abstract To examine the links between empathy and cognitions, 50 interview transcripts were analysed from a sample of male sex offenders who had abused children, recruited from four prisons in the

Non-sex offenders display distorted thinking and have empathy deficits too: A thematic analysis of cognitions and the application of empathy

Abstract It is generally assumed that empathy acts to disinhibit behaviour that could be perceived as detrimental to others, and as a result is a common feature of offender treatment programmes. The

Empathic and Socio-Cognitive Deficits of Adjudicated Adolescents

Previous studies of youth antisocial behavior have explored relationships between social information processing, empathy, or callous-unemotional traits and antisocial behavior. However, the

Checklist of offence pathways for rapists: a clinician's guide to informed intervention

The violent sexual assault of women and the rehabilitation of its perpetrators is an area of crime that has been scarcely researched. The problem of sexual aggression is multi-dimensional and
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 43 REFERENCES

Some aspects of social competence in sexual offenders

Outpatient rapists and child molesters were compared with a socioeconomically similar group of nonoffenders and with a group of university students on various measures of social functioning and in

Measuring individual differences in empathy: Evidence for a multidimensional approach.

To facilitate a multidimensional approach to empathy the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) includes 4 subscales: Perspective-Taking (PT) Fantasy (FS) Empathic Concern (EC) and Personal Distress

The Child Molester Empathy Measure: Description and Examination of Its Reliability and Validity

TLDR
A measure of victim empathy for the assessment of child molesters indicated that the measure was both internally reliable and produced stable responses over time, and revealed a relative deficit in empathy toward the offender's own victim(s).

Assessing perspective-taking among sexual offenders, nonsexual criminals, and nonoffenders

Lack of victim empathy is often cited as a factor in sexual offending. Empathy is a complex reaction that requires both perspective-taking skills and sympathetic feelings. Some treatment programs for

Psychopathy and Deviant Sexual Arousal in Incarcerated Sexual Offenders

This study investigates the relationship between psychopathy and deviant sexual arousal in a sample of 65 sexual offenders, with approximately equal numbers of rapists and child molesters.

Empathy, Intimacy, Loneliness, and Self-Esteem in Nonfamilial Child Molesters: A Brief Report

ABSTRACT Thirty-two nonfamilial child molesters were compared with 32 comparable nonoffenders on measures of empathy, intimacy, loneliness, and self-esteem. Relative to the nonoffenders, the child

The enhancement of victim empathy among incarcerated child molesters

A treatment component aimed at enhancing empathy among child molesters is described and evaluated using a victim-specific measure of empathy. Twenty-nine non-familial child molesters were assessed

The revised Psychopathy Checklist: Reliability and factor structure.

The revised Psychopathy Checklist (PCL) is a 20-item scale scored from interview and file information. Analyses of data from 5 prison samples (N= 92 5) and 3 forensic psychiatric samples (N= 356)

A Multidimensional Approach to Sexual Aggression: Combining Measures of Past Behavior and Present Likelihood

  • N. Malamuth
  • Psychology
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 1988
TLDR
The present article contends that rather than being differing ways of assessing the same continuum, these two approaches represent different dimensions, and that combining them results in more comprehensive information than using either one alone.

Self-esteem and its relationship to sexual offending

Abstract The concept of self-esteem and its measurement, and its relationship to self-efficacy, is examined. From this survey of the research, and from what is known about sexual offenders, it is