Vicarious intergroup contact effects

  title={Vicarious intergroup contact effects},
  author={Agostino Mazziotta and Am{\'e}lie Mummendey and Stephen C. Wright},
  journal={Group Processes \& Intergroup Relations},
  pages={255 - 274}
This contribution examines the role of vicarious contact (observing in-group members having successful cross-group contact) as a tool to improve intergroup relations. Expanding previous research on indirect intergroup contact, vicarious contact (1) integrates and applies concepts of social-cognitive theory (Bandura, 1986) to the field of intergroup contact research; (2) broadens the study of indirect contact effects to the observation of successful cross-group interactions; and (3) proposes to… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Improving intergroup relations with extended and vicarious forms of indirect contact
Research in social psychology has provided impressive evidence that intergroup contact reduces prejudice. However, to the extent that strategies based on direct contact are sometimes difficult to
An experimental comparison of direct and indirect intergroup contact
Abstract Indirect forms of intergroup contact, such as extended and vicarious contact, are thought to provide a promising alternative to direct contact, but very few studies have compared the
Vicarious, extended and imagined intergroup contact: A review of interventions based on indirect contact strategies applied in educational settings
Although research has shown that interventions within educational contexts based on direct, face-to-face contact are effective in reducing prejudice, they may be difficult to implement. Recent
Bridging the Gap on Facebook: Assessing Intergroup Contact and Its Effects for Intergroup Relations
Analyzing the comments of nine Facebook-groups with the destructive and constructive conflict scale, results indicated that the expression of prejudices decreased and that of mutual acceptance increased over time, both for in- and outgroup members of the Facebook- groups.
Look and Imagine yourself giving that same touch: the role of intergroup vicarious physical contact in racial prejudice revision
Prejudice reduction has been a core issue in social psychology for many decades. Indeed, research aimed at understanding and defining the ingredients which ameliorate intergroup relations and weaken
Willingness to Engage in Intergroup Contact: A Multilevel Approach
Numerous studies point to the potential of intergroup contact for reducing prejudice and intergroup tension. However, this potential can be realized only when group members are willing to engage in
Intergroup contact and collective action : an integrative approach
This thesis investigated the effects of intergroup contact on different types of collective action tendencies among advantaged and disadvantaged groups. Studies 1 and 2 tested the simultaneous
Confidence in Contact: A New Perspective on Promoting Cross-Group Friendship Among Children and Adolescents
Intergroup contact theory (Allport, 1954) proposes that positive interactions between members of different social groups can improve intergroup relations. Contact should be especially effective in
(How) does positive and negative extended cross‐group contact predict direct cross‐group contact and intergroup attitudes?
Knowing that fellow ingroup members have cross-group contact can affect how people think, feel, and behave towards an out-group. Previous research on extended contact focused almost exclusively on
What Makes People Imagine Themselves in Contact with Outgroup Members: Exploring the Relationship between Vicarious Media Contact Experiences and Imagined Contact
We explored whether mediated intergroup contact might stimulate other forms of intergroup contact. Our study compared two forms of mediated contact: vicarious intergroup contact (exposure to an


Vicarious Intergroup Contact and the Role of Authorities in Prejudice Reduction
The present study shows that the improvement of outgroup evaluation was partially mediated by changes on meta-stereotypes, and the positive effects of vicarious intergroup contact significantly increased when it was supported by an authority figure.
Intergroup contact and pluralistic ignorance.
The present work examined the relationship between people's own interpretations ofwhy they avoid intergroup contact and their interpretations of why out-groups avoid inter group contact to explore a means to reduce this self- other bias.
What will the others think? In-group norms as a mediator of the effects of intergroup contact.
The results suggest that the intergroup contact of other in-group members (in-group friends or classmates) affects attitudes towards the out-group by changing the perception of in- group norms and by reducing intergroup anxiety.
Can imagined interactions produce positive perceptions? Reducing prejudice through simulated social contact.
The authors discuss empirical research supporting the imagined contact proposition and find it to be an approach that is at once deceptively simple and remarkably effective in encouraging more positive intergroup relations.
The extended contact effect: Knowledge of cross-group friendships and prejudice.
The extended contact hypothesis proposes that knowledge that an in-group member has a close relationship with an out-group member can lead to more positive intergroup attitudes. Proposed mechanisms
Imagining intergroup contact promotes projection to outgroups
Three studies investigated the conditions under which imagining intergroup contact would lead to greater projection of positive traits to outgroups. In Experiment 1 (Mexico) imagined contact
Reducing prejudice via direct and extended cross-group friendship
One of the most exciting developments in intergroup contact theory is the idea that a certain type of contact, cross-group friendship, might be particularly effective at reducing prejudice. In this
A test of the extended intergroup contact hypothesis: the mediating role of intergroup anxiety, perceived ingroup and outgroup norms, and inclusion of the outgroup in the self.
This article documents the first test of Wright et al.'s model, which used structural equation modeling among two independent samples in the context of South Asian-White relations in the United Kingdom, and indicates that the four mediators operate concurrently rather than predicting one another.
A Social Cognitive Theory Approach to the Effects of Mediated Intergroup Contact on Intergroup Attitudes
This research applies a social cognitive theory perspective to the study of mediated intergroup contact. It was hypothesized that exposure to positive intergroup contact on television would be
Direct Contact as a Moderator of Extended Contact Effects: Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Impact on Outgroup Attitudes, Behavioral Intentions, and Attitude Certainty
Using cross-sectional and longitudinal samples from different intergroup contexts, this research demonstrates that extended contact is most effective when individuals live in segregated neighborhoods having only few, or no, direct friendships with outgroup members.