Vibronic structures and dynamics of the predissociating dimethyl sulfide and its isotopomers (CH₃SCH₃, CD₃SCD₃, CH₃SCD₃) at the conical intersection.

Abstract

Conical intersection seam comprised of crossing surfaces of two lowest excited states of dimethyl sulfide (DMS) has been directly accessed by the one-photon excitation from the ground equilibrium state. Since the S-C bond rupture takes place promptly, the molecular structure on the excited state effectively belongs to C(S) symmetry. Namely, excited states of 1(1)B1 and 1(1)A2 in C(2)V become 1(1)A'' and 2(1)A'' states in C(S), respectively, and the optical transition from the ground equilibrium state to the dissociating molecule at the conical intersection seam is symmetry-allowed to facilitate the nonadiabatic transition on the 2(1)A'' state, leading eventually to the CH3S + CH3 products. The dynamic study of DMS, in this sense, gives the great opportunity to unravel the vibronic structure of the conical intersection seam by the conventional one-photon excitation method. In this work, utilizing the photofragment excitation (PHOFEX) spectroscopic method, the vibronic structures of DMS and its isotope analogs (CD3SCD3, CH3SCD3) at the conical intersection seam have been revealed, providing accurate lifetimes and detailed dynamics associated with individual vibronic transitions. The lifetime of the excited DMS is estimated to be ~100 fs, indicating that the dissociation is complete within one single oscillation in the conical intersection region. It is also found that the symmetric CSC stretching mode is strongly coupled to the reaction coordinate, as manifested by our experimental finding that the fragmentation yield of the S-CD3 bond is enhanced compared to that of the S-CH3 bond in the CH3SCD3 dissociation reaction only when the CSC symmetric stretching vibrational mode is excited at the conical intersection region. This work demonstrates that the better understanding of the excited state could make the bond-selective chemistry into reality.

DOI: 10.1039/c3cp55220a

Cite this paper

@article{Yoon2014VibronicSA, title={Vibronic structures and dynamics of the predissociating dimethyl sulfide and its isotopomers (CH₃SCH₃, CD₃SCD₃, CH₃SCD₃) at the conical intersection.}, author={Jun-Ho Yoon and Kyung Chul Woo and Sang Kyu Kim}, journal={Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP}, year={2014}, volume={16 19}, pages={8949-55} }