Viability of Strongyloides venezuelensis eggs and larvae in vermiculite containing the fungus Duddingtonia flagrans

Abstract

Strongyloidiasis is the most clinically important disease among the infections caused by geohelminths, seeing that this parasite can cause autoinfection. The use of nematophagous fungi like Duddingtonia flagrans, that have predation action on eggs and infecciososas forms of helminths, emerges as an alternative method for environmental control. For this reason, analyzing the viability of larvae and eggs of Strongyloides venezuelensis and the action of Duddingtonia flagrans AC001 in vermiculite, as well as the action of the nematophagous fungi in different growth stages, is important to elaborate and define the best culture conditions that favor the activity of the fungus. Two different growth conditions were applied: both eggs and AC001 fungi were added at the same time to the vermiculite (assay A) and the addition of eggs after the growth of the AC001 fungi in the vermiculite (assay B). To recover the L3 larvae, the Baermann-Moraes method was applied, followed by the counting of L3 dead and alive. At last, it was observed that the vermiculite enriched with organic material is an adequate culture medium not only for the growth of the S. venezuelensis but also for the growth of the D. flagrans fungus, being therefore, a satisfactory culture medium for tests of viability and predatory action of this fungus. It was also observed that the activity of the AC001 fungus is greater when it is growing concomitantly with the eggs, in other words, when it is in the adaptation phase.

DOI: 10.1007/s00436-017-5502-2

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Cite this paper

@article{Silva2017ViabilityOS, title={Viability of Strongyloides venezuelensis eggs and larvae in vermiculite containing the fungus Duddingtonia flagrans}, author={Laryssa Pinheiro Costa Silva and Carolina Magri Ferraz and Anderson Rocha Aguiar and Jackson Victor de Ara{\'u}jo and Steveen Rios Ribeiro and D{\'e}bora Goldner Rossi and Luanderson Queiroz Mendes and Fausto Edmundo Lima Pereira and Narcisa Imaculada Brant Moreira and F{\'a}bio Ribeiro Braga}, journal={Parasitology Research}, year={2017}, volume={116}, pages={2047-2051} }