Vesicoureteric reflux in children

@article{Tullus2015VesicouretericRI,
  title={Vesicoureteric reflux in children},
  author={Kjell Tullus},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={2015},
  volume={385},
  pages={371-379}
}
Vesicoureteric reflux is defined as the retrograde passage of urine from the bladder into one or both ureters and often up to the kidneys, and mainly affects babies and infants. In severe cases dilatation of the ureter, renal pelvis, and calyces might be seen. Traditionally it was thought that only a low percentage of children have vesicoureteric reflux, but studies have suggested as many as 25-40% are affected. Guidelines recommend that the number of investigations for vesicoureteric reflux in… Expand
Vesicoureteric Reflux
Introduction Vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) is a common childhood condition that can be defined as the retrograde passage of urine from the bladder to the upper urinary tract due to the failure of theExpand
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Sir, The study by Kari et al.[1] on vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) in children was read with interest. They concluded that children with primary VUR and normal bladder had a good prognosis with a normalExpand
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TLDR
There is ongoing debate on the aggressiveness of algorithms for diagnosing VUR following UTI, and the risk of end-stage renal failure and hypertension is fairly small with scarring followingUTI. Expand
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TLDR
The natural history of VUR in infant boys differs from that of infant girls, and therefore requires a gender-specific approach, and available data support the need to redefine the categorization and clinical guidelines for this disease. Expand
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TLDR
Endoscopic treatment of VUR is feasible in patients less than 1 year of age, but the effectiveness is lower than when patients are treated at a later age but was still over 80% in this series. Expand
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TLDR
The ability of contrast‐enhanced voiding urosonography to show IRR when it occurs in conjunction with VUR compares favorably to that of fluoroscopic VCUG. Expand
Children with vesico-ureteric reflux have joint hypermobility and occasional TNXB sequence variants.
TLDR
An observational study of children with familial and non-familial VUR to determine the prevalence of joint hypermobility, renal scarring, and DNA sequence variants in Tenascin XB found a high prevalence of VUR and jointhypermobility in children followed within a tertiary care pediatric urology clinic. Expand
Clinical Outcome of Children With Antenatally Diagnosed Hydronephrosis
TLDR
The main abnormalities found after birth are uretero-pelvic junction stenosis, primary vesicoureteral reflux, megaureter, duplex kidneys, and posterior urethral valves, with ureTERo- Pelvic Junction stenosis and primary vESicouresteral Reflux accounting for most of the cases. Expand
Impact of Clinical Guidelines on Voiding Cystourethrogram Use and Vesicoureteral Reflux Incidence
TLDR
The 2011 AAP guidelines led to a concurrent decrease in voiding cystourethrogram use and incidence of vesicoureteral reflux among children 0 to 2 years old and among children 3 to 10 years old. Expand
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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