Very first impressions.

  title={Very first impressions.},
  author={Moshe Bar and Maital Neta and Heather E Linz},
  volume={6 2},
First impressions of people's personalities are often formed by using the visual appearance of their faces. Defining how quickly these impressions can be formed has critical implications for understanding social interactions and for determining the visual properties used to shape them. To study impression formation independent of emotional cues, threat judgments were made on faces with a neutral expression. Consequently, participants' judgments pertained to the personality rather than to a… 

Figures from this paper

Personality, Intelligence, and Attractiveness Judgments: The Accuracy of First Impressions

First impressions are prominent in our everyday interactions. The way that we perceive others, even if based only on physical appearance, can influence future interactions. The strength of first

First Impressions of Strangers Rely on Generalization of Behavioral Traits Associated with previously Seen Facial Features

Information drawn from faces at the very first encounter can be essential in guiding current and subsequent behavior. These decisions also rely on expectations about what are the characteristic

Misleading First Impressions

It is shown that images of the same individual can lead to different impressions, with within-individual image variance comparable to or exceeding between-individuals variance for a variety of social judgments.

Spontaneous first impressions emerge from brief training

It is demonstrated that first impressions can be rapidly learned and, once learned, take on features previously thought to hold only for innate first impressions (rapid availability).

The Development of Character Judgments From Faces

First impressions play a central role in human social interaction. In particular, the face is a rich source of information that perceivers use in making both initial and lasting character judgments.

What we know about people shapes the inferences we make about their personalities

The ability to form impressions allows making inferences about others based on minimal, swift and automatic interactions. The verbal context (what we Know about people) could play an important role

Attention promotes accurate impression formation.

Findings show that attending more to a person is associated with increased accuracy and thus suggest that attention promotes social adaption by supporting accurate social perception.

Interpretation of Appearance: The Effect of Facial Features on First Impressions and Personality

Conclusively, a relationship between first impressions, some personality traits and facial features is found and it is consolidated that people on average assess a given face in a highly similar manner.

All in the first glance: first fixation predicts individual differences in valence bias*

The findings suggest that there are meaningful individual differences in how people process faces and that individuals would be more likely to interpret surprise positively when fixating faster to the lower part of the face.



Taking People at Face Value: Evidence for the Kernel of Truth Hypothesis

Two studies examined the validity of impressions based on static facial appearance. In Study 1, the content of previously unacquainted classmates' impressions of one another was assessed during the

Facing faces: studies on the cognitive aspects of physiognomy.

Using faces with neutral expressions, it is demonstrated that personality information conveyed in faces changes the interpretation of verbal information, and it is shown that physiognomic information has a consistent effect on decisions, and creates overconfidence in judgments.

Affect, personality, and facial expressive characteristics of older people.

Results indicated that individuals vary in their ability to accurately encode emotion states and that these patterns are linked to personality traits in an affect-specific way.

Neurological Disassociations of Social Perception Processes

Presented is a preliminary model of social perception, based on neurological models of word reading. The model distinguishes between two types of social perception processes, perceptual/episodic

Visual awareness and the detection of fearful faces.

The authors parametrically varied the duration of a fearful face target stimulus that was backward masked by a neutral face to suggest that no universal objective awareness threshold exists for fear perception.

Looking Smart and Looking Good: Facial Cues to Intelligence and their Origins

The authors investigated accuracy of judging intelligence from facial photos of strangers across the lifespan, facial qualities contributing to accuracy, and developmental paths producing

Target visibility and visual awareness modulate amygdala responses to fearful faces.

It is shown that amygdala responses depend on visual awareness and target visibility is an important factor in determining amygdala responses to fearful faces, and further challenge the view thatgdala responses occur automatically.

Errors and mistakes: evaluating the accuracy of social judgment.

  • D. Funder
  • Psychology
    Psychological bulletin
  • 1987
Although errors can be highly informative about the process of judgment in general, they are not necessarily relevant to the content or accuracy of particular judgments, because errors in a laboratory may not be mistakes with respect to a broader, more realistic frame of reference and the processes that produce such errors might lead to correct decisions and adaptive outcomes in real life.

Thin slices of expressive behavior as predictors of interpersonal consequences: A meta-analysis.

A meta-analysis was conducted on the accuracy of predictions of various objective outcomes in the areas of social and clinical psychology from short observations of expressive behavior (under 5 min).