Vertical handoffs in fourth-generation multinetwork environments

  title={Vertical handoffs in fourth-generation multinetwork environments},
  author={Janise McNair and Fang Zhu},
  journal={IEEE Wireless Communications},
Revolutionary drivers for 4G include a push toward universal wireless access and ubiquitous computing through seamless personal and terminal mobility. One of the major challenges for seamless mobility is the criterion of a vertical handoff protocol: a handoff protocol for users that move between different types of networks. Traditional operations for handoff detection policies, decision metrics, and radio link transfer are not able to adapt to dynamic handoff criteria or react to user inputs… CONTINUE READING
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