Vertical bifacial solar farms: Physics, design, and global optimization

  title={Vertical bifacial solar farms: Physics, design, and global optimization},
  author={M. Ryyan Khan and Amir N. Hanna and Xingshu Sun and Muhammad Ashraful Alam},
  journal={Applied Energy},
There have been sustained interest in bifacial solar cell technology since 1980s, with prospects of 30–50% increase in the output power from a stand-alone panel. Moreover, a vertical bifacial panel reduces dust accumulation and provides two output peaks during the day, with the second peak aligned to the peak electricity demand. Recent commercialization and anticipated growth of bifacial panel market have encouraged a closer scrutiny of the integrated power-output and economic viability of… 

Figures from this paper

Ground sculpting to enhance vertical bifacial solar farm output
The prospect of additional energy yield and improved reliability have increased commercial interest in bifacial solar modules. A number of recent publications have quantified the bifacial gain for
Ground sculpting to enhance energy yield of vertical bifacial solar farms
The prospect of additional energy yield and improved reliability have increased commercial interest in bifacial solar modules. Recent publications have quantified the bifacial gain for several
A review of next generation bifacial solar farms: predictive modeling of energy yield, economics, and reliability
Photovoltaic (PV) cell technology has made great progress over the past few decades, bringing the PV energy cost down to a point where it is competitive to conventional electricity prices. While
Optimization and performance of bifacial solar modules: A global perspective
It is found that ground-mounted, vertical, east-west-facing bifacial modules will outperform their south-north-facing, optimally tilted counterparts by up to 15% below the latitude of 30°, for an albedo of 0.5.
A worldwide cost-based design and optimization of tilted bifacial solar farms
Abstract The steady decrease in the levelized cost of solar energy (LCOE) has made it increasingly cost-competitive against fossil fuels. The cost reduction is supported by a combination of material,
Temperature-dependent energy gain of bifacial PV farms: A global perspective
Bifacial solar panels are perceived to be the technology of choice for next generation solar farms for their increased energy yield at marginally increased cost. As the bifacial farms proliferate
Parameterizing mismatch loss in bifacial photovoltaic modules with global deployment: A comprehensive study
Abstract The effective cost reduction of solar photovoltaic (PV) power generation systems is supported by the widespread use of bifacial modules. To this end, the multiple bifacial modellings are
Simulating the energy yield of a bifacial photovoltaic power plant
Abstract Bifacial photovoltaics (bifacial PV) offer higher energy yields as compared to monofacial PV. The development of appropriate models for simulating the energy yield of bifacial PV power
Optimum design of tracking bifacial solar farms -- A comprehensive global analysis of next-generation PV.
The bifacial gain of East-West vertical and South-facing optimally-tilted bifacial farms are well established. One wonders if bifacial gain (and the associated LCOE) may be further improved by
Global analysis of next-generation utility-scale PV: Tracking bifacial solar farms
Abstract The bifacial gain of East-West vertical and South-facing optimally-tilted bifacial solar farms are well established. One wonders if bifacial gain and the associated levelized cost of energy


Bifacial photovoltaic panels field
Bifacial solar cells may produce more output energy than mono-facial solar cells because both sides of the cell, front and rear, can absorb solar radiation. This occurs when the nearby ground or
Multi-Variable Bifacial Photovoltaic Module Test Results and Best-Fit Annual Bifacial Energy Yield Model
The effects of the module's minimum height ratio, tilt angle, and ground albedo on the annual energy output were studied through direct field measurement and a best-fit model that links these variables to the annualEnergy output is presented.
Bifacial solar photovoltaics – A technology review
Bifacial solar photovoltaics (PV) is a promising mature technology that increases the production of electricity per square meter of PV module through the use of light absorption from the albedo. This
Vertically mounted bifacial photovoltaic modules: A global analysis
Bifacial PV (photovoltaic) modules have recently come to increasing attention and various system designs have been investigated. In this paper, a global comparison is made between vertically mounted
Computer simulation of enhanced output from bifacial photovoltaic modules
A bifacial photovoltaic module can collect not only the light falling directly on its front but also light incident on its rear after reflection from natural surroundings, called the albedo
Analysis of the Annual Performance of Bifacial Modules and Optimization Methods
Bifacial modules have the advantage of capturing sunlight from front as well as from rear surfaces, and therefore, they are able to produce larger amounts of energy, compared with standard
Outdoor Performance of Bifacial Modules by Measurements and Modelling
Abstract We present the outline of a model that calculates the outdoor performance of a bifacial module including optical, electrical and thermal aspects. The IV curve for the total module power
Bifacial photovoltaic technology for the oil and gas industry
The oil and gas industry has a tremendous challenge in powering its remote and off-grid locations. Conventional power systems require large investments and complex projects to achieve a reliable and
Effects of sandblasting on the efficiencies of solar panels
Photovoltaic solar-energy can be a solution, if efficiently used, for providing electrification, water pumping and communications in inaccessible regions as in the south of Algeria. The glass
Simulation of photovoltaic centrals with dynamic shading
The increase in the power of photovoltaic systems involves a significant grow in the number of modules that make them up. The known problems caused by the shading are not usually taken into account