Vertical Flexibility in Supply Chains

  title={Vertical Flexibility in Supply Chains},
  author={Wallace J. Hopp and Seyed M. R. Iravani and Wendy Lu Xu},
  journal={Manag. Sci.},
Jordan and Graves (Jordan, W. C., S. C. Graves. 1995. Principles on the benefits of manufacturing process flexibility. Management Sci. 41(4) 577-594) initiated a stream of research on supply chain flexibility, which was furthered by Graves and Tomlin (Graves, S. C., B. T. Tomlin. 2003. Process flexibility in supply chains. Management Sci. 49(7) 907-919), that examined various structures for achieving horizontal flexibility within a single level of a supply chain. In this paper, we extend the… 

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  • International Journal of Productin Economics
  • 1992