Vernonia cinerea Less. supplementation and strenuous exercise reduce smoking rate: relation to oxidative stress status and beta-endorphin release in active smokers

@inproceedings{Leelarungrayub2010VernoniaCL,
  title={Vernonia cinerea Less. supplementation and strenuous exercise reduce smoking rate: relation to oxidative stress status and beta-endorphin release in active smokers},
  author={Donrawee Leelarungrayub and Sainatee Pratanaphon and Prapas Pothongsunun and Thanyaluck Sriboonreung and Araya Yankai and Richard J Bloomer},
  booktitle={Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition},
  year={2010}
}
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of Vernonia cinerea Less. (VC) supplementation and exercise on oxidative stress biomarkers, beta-endorphin release, and the rate of cigarette smoking. METHODS Volunteer smokers were randomly divided into four groups: group 1: VC supplement; group 2: exercise with VC supplement; group 3: exercise; and group 4: control. VC was prepared by wash and dry techniques and taken orally before smoking, matching the frequency of strenuous… CONTINUE READING

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