## Introduction to Plasma

- F. F. Chen
- Physics and Controlled Fusion,
- 2010

- Published 2012

Particle-in-cell methods have been widely throughout plasma physics over 50 years. However, there is confusion about the mathematical model used for particle-in-cell (PIC) codes and whether PIC converges or not. Our hypothesis is Klimontovich equation with finite-size particle is the model described by PIC codes. We perform numerical study to compare PIC… (More)

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