Verbal communication, nonverbal communication, and private speech in lower and middle socioeconomic status preschool children.

@article{Quay1992VerbalCN,
  title={Verbal communication, nonverbal communication, and private speech in lower and middle socioeconomic status preschool children.},
  author={Lorene Childs Quay and Robert L. Blaney},
  journal={The Journal of genetic psychology},
  year={1992},
  volume={153 2},
  pages={
          129-38
        }
}
Three types of communication--verbal, nonverbal, and private speech--were investigated in 4- and 5-year-old children. Multiple analyses of variance (MANOVAs) without IQ controlled and multiple analyses of covariance (MANCOVAs) with IQ as a covariate were computed and followed by ANOVAs and ANCOVAs to determine the effects of sex, age, and socioeconomic status (SES) on each of these types of communication. The ANOVAs and the ANCOVAs yielded the same conclusions. Results indicated that age and… CONTINUE READING