Verapamil eliminates the hierarchical nature of activation frequencies from the pulmonary veins to the atria during paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.

@article{Kushiyama2010VerapamilET,
  title={Verapamil eliminates the hierarchical nature of activation frequencies from the pulmonary veins to the atria during paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.},
  author={Yasunori Kushiyama and Toshiyuki Osaka and Eriko Yokoyama and Hideyuki Hasebe and Yusuke Kuroda and Kaichiro Kamiya and Itsuo Kodama},
  journal={Heart rhythm},
  year={2010},
  volume={7 5},
  pages={577-83}
}
BACKGROUND There is evidence that verapamil promotes the persistence of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF). Little is known about the underlying mechanisms. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of verapamil on dominant frequencies (DFs) in the pulmonary veins (PVs) and atria during paroxysmal AF with reference to its potential… CONTINUE READING