Venus lightning

@article{Russell1991VenusL,
  title={Venus lightning},
  author={Christopher T. Russell},
  journal={Space Science Reviews},
  year={1991},
  volume={55},
  pages={317-356}
}
  • C. Russell
  • Published 1991
  • Physics, Environmental Science
  • Space Science Reviews
Although it is not unanimously accepted, many independent observations lead to the conclusion that lightning is prevalent on Venus. The electromagnetic signals detected by all 4 Venera landers are most readily explained as generation by lightning. The Venera 9 spectrometer appears to have observed a lightning storm on one occasion. The Pioneer Venus plasma wave instrument detects waves both below the electron gyrofrequency that may be due to lightning and signals above the electron…