Ventilatory work and oxygen consumption during exercise and hyperventilation.

Abstract

The work of breathing (WB), and thus the energy requirement of the respiratory muscles, is increased any time minute ventilation (VE) is elevated, by either exercise or voluntary hyperventilation. Respiratory muscle O2 consumption (VRMO2) in humans has generally been estimated by having subjects breathe at a level comparable to that during exercise while the change in O2 consumption (VO2) is measured. The difference between VO2 at rest and during hyperventilation is attributed to the respiratory muscles and is assumed to be similar to VRMO2 during exercise at the same VE. However, it has been suggested that WB differs between exercise and hyperventilation and that WB during exercise is lower than during hyperventilation at the same VE. In this study we measured WB during exercise and hyperventilation and from these measurements estimated VRMO2. WB, VE, and VO2 were measured in five male subjects during rest and during exercise or hyperventilation at levels of VE ranging from 30 to 130 l/min. VE/WB relationship was determined for both hyperventilation and exercise. Multiple regression analysis showed that the shape of the two curves was different (P < 0.0001), with WB at high levels of VE being < or = 25% higher in hyperventilation than in exercise. In a second study in which frequency, tidal volume, and duty cycle were controlled as well as VE, there was no difference in WB between exercise and hyperventilation. VO2 was significantly correlated with WB, and the estimated VRMO2 did not increase as a fraction of total VO2 as exercise intensity rose.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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@article{Coast1993VentilatoryWA, title={Ventilatory work and oxygen consumption during exercise and hyperventilation.}, author={J. Richard Coast and Stephen A Rasmussen and K M Krause and J O'kroy and Randall A. Loy and Jonathan M. Rhodes}, journal={Journal of applied physiology}, year={1993}, volume={74 2}, pages={793-8} }