Ventilatory Responses to Hypercapnia and Hypoxia in Conscious Cystic Fibrosis Knockout Mice Cftr−/−


This study was designed to examine the ventilatory performance and the lung histopathology of cystic fibrosis knockout mice (Cftr−/−) compared with heterozygous (Cftr+/−) or wild-type (Cftr+/+) littermates. Ventilation was recorded in conscious animals using whole-body plethysmography. Tidal volume (VT), respiratory frequency (f), and minute ventilation (VE) were measured during air breathing and in response to various levels of hypercapnia (2, 4, 6, or 8% CO2) or hypoxia (14, 12, 10, or 8% O2). The results for Cftr+/− and Cftr+/+ were pooled into one control group because they did not differ. In air and in response to hypercapnia, VE, VT, and f were similar in Cftr+/+ in controls. During graded hypoxia, VE was decreased in Cftr−/− mice and mice at 10 and 8% O2 because of a lower f. Histology showed neither inflammation nor obstruction of airways in Cftr−/− mice. Morphometric analysis showed alveolar dilation as a result of either distension or impaired development. In conclusion, cystic fibrosis knockout mice have normal baseline breathing and ventilatory response to hypercapnia but a decreased ventilatory response to severe hypoxia. This latter result associated with the morphometric analysis suggests that Cftr−/− mice may exhibit immaturity of the respiratory system.

DOI: 10.1203/01.PDR.0000117841.81730.2B


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@article{Bonora2004VentilatoryRT, title={Ventilatory Responses to Hypercapnia and Hypoxia in Conscious Cystic Fibrosis Knockout Mice Cftr−/−}, author={Monique Bonora and Jean-François Bernaudin and Claude Guernier and Marie Christiane Brahimi-Horn}, journal={Pediatric Research}, year={2004}, volume={55}, pages={738-746} }