Vent fauna on whale remains

  title={Vent fauna on whale remains},
  author={C. R. Smith and Helmut Kukert and Robert A. Wheatcroft and Peter A. Jumars and Jody W. Deming},

The nature and origin of the modern hydrothermal vent fauna

The inhabitants of hydrothermal vents appear to represent a relict fauna that has remained distinct from other marine faunas for tens to hundreds of millions of years. A re-examination of the

Bryozoan diversity on a whale bone: an uncommon substrate from the continental shelf off NW Spain

  • J. SoutoO. Reverter-Gil
  • Environmental Science
    Marine biodiversity : a journal of the Senckenberg Research Institute
  • 2021
The hypothesis that the number of specialist taxa on whale-fall habitats decreases drastically on whale remains at depths of less than 260 m is supported, and the theory that whale-falls can serve as intermediate habitats where no other suitable substrate is present, facilitating habitat colonization is supported.

Deep-water taphonomy of vertebrate carcasses: a whale skeleton in the bathyal Santa Catalina Basin

Taphonomic processes in deep-water environments differ markedly from those in shallow waters. These differences are illustrated by the preservational style of a large cetacean skeleton lying at the


The falls of large whales (30-160 t adult body weight) yield massive pulses of labile organic matter to the deep-sea floor. While scientists have long speculated on the ecological roles of such

A record of fossil shallow-water whale falls from Italy

Danise, S. & Dominici, S. 2014: A record of fossil shallow-water whale falls from Italy.Lethaia, DOI: 10.1111/let.12054.Twenty-five Neogene–Quaternary whales hosted in Italian museum collections

A shallow-water whale-fall experiment in the north Atlantic

The discovery of whale-fall fauna at a whale carcass sunk at shelf depth in a Swedish fjord contrasts the apparent lack of specialized organisms from shallow water seep environments.

Colonisation of stranded whale bones by lichens and mosses at Hennequin Point, King George Island, Antarctica

ABSTRACT This paper presents the details of lichens and mosses found on whale vertebrae substratum in the Admiralty Bay area, King George Island, Antarctica. Samples were taken in the coastal area at

Ecological succession of a Jurassic shallow-water ichthyosaur fall

A fully documented ichthyosaur fall community is reported, from a Late Jurassic shelf setting, and the ecological succession of its micro- and macrofauna is reconstructed, showing a well-developed ‘reef stage' with prolonged exposure and colonization of the bones prior to final burial.



Cold-seep benthic communities in the Japan subduction zones: geological control of community development

A large number of Calyptogena-dominated benthic communities, apparently chemosynthetically-based, were discovered at methane-rich pore-water seeps in the Japan subduction zones (3850-6000 m depth).

Vent-type taxa in a hydrocarbon seep region on the Louisiana slope

Recent discoveries on the northern Gulf of Mexico continental slope have altered our understanding of biological and chemical processes occurring in the deep ocean. A biological community of

Black smokers, massive sulphides and vent biota at the Mid-Atlantic Ridge

The discovery of black smokers, massive sulphides and vent biota in the rift valley of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge demonstrates that this assemblage of hydrothermal phenomena is not limited to

Colonization and succession in deep-sea ecosystems.

Oregon Subduction Zone: Venting, Fauna, and Carbonates

The animal communities and carbonates observed in the Oregon subduction zone occur in strata as old as 2.0 million years and provide criteria for identifying other localities where modern and ancient accreted deposits have vented methane, hydrocarbons, and other nutrient-bearing fluids.

Subtidal Gastropods Consume Sulfur-Oxidizing Bacteria: Evidence from Coastal Hydrothermal Vents

  • J. Stein
  • Environmental Science
  • 1984
The black abalone (Haliotis cracherodii), a commercially important shallow-water gastropod common off White Point, Southern California, is found frequently at subtidal hydrothermal vents within mats of filamentous sulfur-oxidizing bacteria, and may derive a portion of its nutrition from the subsidy of geothermal energy.


A new genus, Pyropelta, is proposed for two new species from hydrothermal vents: the types species, P. musaica, from the Juan de Fuca Ridge off Washington, and P. corymba, from the Guaymas Basin in