Venous obstruction as the cause of retinal/choroidal dysfunction associated with arteriovenous shunts in the cavernous sinus.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To determine the hemodynamic abnormalities that result in visual acuity loss because of retinal or choroidal dysfunction associated with arteriovenous shunts (AVS) that involve the cavernous sinus. METHODS Retrospective study of the records of 250 patients with either a carotid cavernous fistula or dural arteriovenous malformation revealed a… (More)

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@article{Kupersmith1996VenousOA, title={Venous obstruction as the cause of retinal/choroidal dysfunction associated with arteriovenous shunts in the cavernous sinus.}, author={Mark J. Kupersmith and E. M. Vargas and Floyd A Warren and A Berenstein}, journal={Journal of neuro-ophthalmology : the official journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society}, year={1996}, volume={16 1}, pages={1-6} }