Venous Compression Syndromes

  title={Venous Compression Syndromes},
  author={Joseph M. White and Anthony J. Comerota},
  journal={Vascular and Endovascular Surgery},
  pages={155 - 168}
Venous compression syndromes occur due to extrinsic compression causing complications of venous hypertension or venous thrombosis. This review focuses on 4 venous compression syndromes involving the left common iliac vein, subclavian vein, left renal vein, and popliteal vein. Clinical presentation, diagnostic methods, and management options are reviewed. When properly diagnosed and treated, long-term consequences can be avoided. 

The Clinical Problem of Pelvic Venous Disorders.

New Vein Compression Entities in Patients with Unexplained Leg Swelling.

Extrinsic venous compression secondary to spine osteophytes.

Osteophytes must be considered when dealing with extrinsic venous compression, especially in elderly people, as well as in patients with endovascularly treated cases of symptomatic extrinsics caused by vertebral osteophytes.

Diagnosis and treatment of iliac vein stenosis

The article describes the methods for the diagnosis and treatment of iliac vein stenosis and the most accurate diagnostic method is intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) but the appeared computed tomography angiography (CTA) and magnetic resonance angiographic (MRA) with high-quality images have become a good replacement for IVUS.

Superior gluteal vein syndrome: an intrapelvic cause of sciatica

A retrospective case series demonstrates a high success rate and significant decrease in pain scores after laparoscopic intrapelvic decompression, thereby identifying pelvic nerve entrapment by aberrant SGVs as a potential yet previously unrecognized cause of sciatica.



Venous thoracic outlet syndrome.

Venous compression syndromes: clinical features, imaging findings and management.

Venous compression syndromes, including Paget-Schroetter syndrome, Nutcracker syndrome, May-Thurner syndrome and popliteal venous compression will be discussed.

Left ovarian to left external iliac vein transposition for the treatment of nutcracker syndrome.

[An uncommon syndrome: the trapped popliteal vein. Apropos of a case].

The etiology (combined congenital malformation and acquired muscle hypertrophy in this case) was revealed during exploratory surgery, which allowed treatment by excision of the compressing agent without any direct vascular gesture.

Cerebral Infarction in Conjunction With Patent Foramen Ovale and May‐Thurner Syndrome

  • D. GreerF. Buonanno
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Journal of neuroimaging : official journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
  • 2001
The authors present 3 stroke patients with patent foramen ovale and paradoxical cerebral embolism, with demonstrated iliac vein compression as the presumed source of their embolus.


Intravascular ultrasound in the diagnosis and treatment of iliac vein compression (May-Thurner) syndrome.

May-Thurner syndrome: update and review.

May–Thurner syndrome and other obstructive iliac vein lesions: Meaning, myth, and mystery

For many patients, it continues to be unclear what degree of obstruction to venous blood flow is being caused by such lesions, how clinically significant they are, how much emphasis should be placed on identifying them, and when they should be treated.