Venom and Antivenom of the Redback Spider (Latrodectus hasseltii) in Japan. Part I. Venom Extraction, Preparation, and Laboratory Testing.

@article{Matsumura2018VenomAA,
  title={Venom and Antivenom of the Redback Spider (Latrodectus hasseltii) in Japan. Part I. Venom Extraction, Preparation, and Laboratory Testing.},
  author={Takayuki Matsumura and Reona Mashiko and Tomomi Sato and Kentaro Itokawa and Yoshihide Maekawa and Kohei Ogawa and Haruhiko Isawa and Akihiko Yamamoto and Shigemi Mori and Akira Horita and Akihiro Ginnaga and Yoshinobu Miyatsu and Motohide Takahashi and Hisashi Taki and Toru Hifumi and Kyoko Sawabe and Manabu Ato},
  journal={Japanese journal of infectious diseases},
  year={2018},
  volume={71 2},
  pages={
          116-121
        }
}
The redback spider (Latrodectus hasseltii Thorell) reportedly invaded Japan in September 1995. To date, 84 redback spider bite cases have been reported; 7 of these cases employed the antivenom. Antivenom has been imported from Australia in the past, but because of restrictions on exportation it was evident that nearly all of the antivenom present in Japan would expire during 2014. In 2014, a plan was proposed to experimentally manufacture and stockpile a horse antiserum for ourselves, using… 
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