Venezuela’s Bolivarian Revolution

@article{Ramirez2005VenezuelasBR,
  title={Venezuela’s Bolivarian Revolution},
  author={Cristóbal Valencia Ramírez},
  journal={Latin American Perspectives},
  year={2005},
  volume={32},
  pages={79 - 97}
}
  • C. Ramírez
  • Published 1 May 2005
  • Sociology
  • Latin American Perspectives
The increasingly decisive victories of the Chaivez presidency call into question easy characterizations of his supporters as "the poor" or the "popular masses" and attendant notions of spontaneous, uninformed political actors. Since 1998, voters have elected Hugo Chavez to the presidency three times with increasing margins each time, and on August 15, 2004, voters returned to the polls to decide whether to remove him from office. Fifty-nine percent of voters affirmed the president's mandate and… 
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