Venezuela: Crowding Out the Opposition

  title={Venezuela: Crowding Out the Opposition},
  author={J. Corrales and Javier Michael Penfold-Becerra},
  journal={Journal of Democracy},
  pages={113 - 99}
The acceleration of authoritarianism in Venezuela since 2004, together with Hugo Chávez's reelection in 2006, cannot be explained easily with functional theories. Instead, we focus on political opportunities: specifically, economic resources at the state's disposal together with weakened institutions of representation helped crowd out the opposition. We show how clientelism and electoral authoritarianism feed each other. Together with deliberate strategies of polarization, impunity, and job… Expand
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