Velopharyngeal insufficiency: diagnosis and management.

  title={Velopharyngeal insufficiency: diagnosis and management.},
  author={Robert J. Shprintzen and Eileen M Marrinan},
  journal={Current opinion in otolaryngology & head and neck surgery},
  volume={17 4},
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Journal articles relevant to the diagnosis and treatment of velopharyngeal insufficiency were reviewed. All studies ascertained by PubMed search were included. RECENT FINDINGS Studies reported on the application of magnetic resonance scanning, reliability tests of the International Working Group diagnostic protocol, the use of nasometry, and techniques designed to assess the function of the velopharyngeal mechanism. Treatment studies focused on outcomes in small samples of… CONTINUE READING
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