Velopharyngeal insufficiency: an update on diagnostic and surgical techniques

@article{Hill2001VelopharyngealIA,
  title={Velopharyngeal insufficiency: an update on diagnostic and surgical techniques},
  author={Jimmy Scott Hill},
  journal={Current Opinion in Otolaryngology \& Head and Neck Surgery},
  year={2001},
  volume={9},
  pages={365-368}
}
  • J. S. Hill
  • Published 1 December 2001
  • Medicine
  • Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Velopharyngeal insufficiency is defined as an inability to close the velopharyngeal sphincter resulting in inadequate separation of the oral cavity from the nasal cavity during speech. It is associated with a number of congenital and acquired abnormalities. A multidisciplinary approach that includes a surgeon and speech therapist is desirable. Evaluation of patients for velopharyngeal insufficiency requires a thorough history and examination by the physician. Surgical intervention is frequently… 

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TLDR
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