Velocity-Based Training: From Theory to Application

  title={Velocity-Based Training: From Theory to Application},
  author={Jonathon J. S. Weakley and Bryann Mann and Harry G Banyard and Shaun J. McLaren and Tannath J. Scott and Amador Garc{\'i}a-Ramos},
  journal={Strength and Conditioning Journal},
Velocity-based training (VBT) is a contemporary method of resistance training that enables accurate and objective prescription of resistance training intensities and volumes. This review provides an applied framework for the theory and application of VBT. Specifically, this review gives detail on how to: use velocity to provide objective feedback, estimate strength, develop load-velocity profiles for accurate load prescription, and how to use statistics to monitor velocity. Furthermore, a… 

Validity and Effects of Placement of Velocity-Based Training Devices

This study assessed the validity of several mobile and one stationary VBT device for measuring mean and peak concentric barbell velocity over a range of velocities and exercises, including low- and high-velocity, ballistic and non-ballistic, and plyometric andNon-plyometric movements, to quantify the isolated effect of device attachment point on measurement validity.

Differences between adjusted vs. non-adjusted loads in velocity-based training: consequences for strength training control and programming

Load adjustment based on movement velocity is a useful way to control for highly individualised responses to training and improve the implementation of RT programs.

The Implementation of Velocity-Based Training Paradigm for Team Sports: Framework, Technologies, Practical Recommendations and Challenges

Guidelines to combine velocity metrics with subjective scales to prescribe training loads are presented, as well as methods to estimate 1-Repetition Maximum (1RM) on a daily basis using individual load–velocity profiles.

The effect of high and low velocity-based training on the throwing performance of collegiate handball players

Background The intensity of strength training exercise is generally regarded to be the most essential element in developing muscle strength and power. The exercise intensity of strength training is

Velocity-Based Resistance Training on 1-RM, Jump and Sprint Performance: A Systematic Review of Clinical Trials

According to the results of the analyzed studies, it is not necessary to reach high muscle failure in order to achieve the best training results and the fact that it is possible to optimize exercise adaptations with less fatigue is reinforced.

Velocity Loss Thresholds Reliably Control Kinetic and Kinematic Outputs during Free Weight Resistance Training

For practitioners wishing to reliably control the kinetic and kinematic stimulus that is being applied to their athletes, it is advised that a velocity-based approach is used.

Traditional Versus Velocity-Based Resistance Training in Competitive Female Cyclists: A Randomized Controlled Trial

In conclusion, the addition of a short-term intervention of VBRT or TRT to the usual training regimen of competitive female cyclists improves muscle strength/power, albeit V BRT might induce superior gains on maximum strength/ power for the hip thrust exercise.

Training for Muscular Strength: Methods for Monitoring and Adjusting Training Intensity

Load adjustment and monitoring methods should be used to supplement and guide the practitioner, quantify what the practitioner ‘sees’, and provide longitudinal data to assist in reviewing athlete development and providing baselines for the rate of expected development in resistance training when an athlete returns to sport from injury or large training load reductions.

The effectiveness of traditional vs. velocity-based strength training on explosive and maximal strength performance: A network meta-analysis

This network meta-analysis aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of different velocity-based (VBT) and traditional 1RM-based resistance training (TRT) interventions on strength and power indices in

The Role of Velocity-Based Training (VBT) in Enhancing Athletic Performance in Trained Individuals: A Meta-Analysis of Controlled Trials

Velocity-based training (VBT) is a rising auto-regulation method that dynamically regulates training loads to promote resistance training. However, the role of VBT in improving various athletic




BSTRACT Strength training is a critical exercise stimulus for inducing changes in muscular strength, size and power (6). Recently, linear position transducers have gained in popularity as a means to

Comparison of Velocity-Based and Traditional Percentage-Based Loading Methods on Maximal Strength and Power Adaptations.

The VBT intervention induced favorable adaptations in maximal strength and jump height in trained men when compared with a traditional PBT approach, Interestingly, the VBT group achieved these positive outcomes despite a significant reduction in total training volume compared with the PBT group.

Velocity-Based Training in Football

The potential benefits of Velocity-BASED Training and how it can be used to train Variety of Performance Factors Specific to American Football are discussed.

Effects of Velocity Loss During Resistance Training on Performance in Professional Soccer Players.

A velocity-based RT program characterized by a low degree of fatigue (15% velocity loss in each set) is effective to induce improvements in neuromuscular performance in professional soccer players with previous RT experience.

Effects of velocity loss during resistance training on athletic performance, strength gains and muscle adaptations

The progressive accumulation of muscle fatigue as indicated by a more pronounced repetition velocity loss appears as an important variable in the configuration of the resistance exercise stimulus as it influences functional and structural neuromuscular adaptations.

Application of velocity loss thresholds during free-weight resistance training: Responses and reproducibility of perceptual, metabolic, and neuromuscular outcomes

For practitioners wanting to reliably prescribe training that can induce a given perceptual, metabolic, or neuromuscular response, it is strongly advised that velocity-based thresholds are implemented.

Effect of different velocity loss thresholds during a power-oriented resistance training program on the mechanical capacities of lower-body muscles

The results suggest that both velocity loss thresholds induce similar changes on the lower-body function, which may compromise the velocity-based approach for prescribing and monitoring the repetition volume during a power-oriented resistance training program conducted with the countermovement jump exercise.

Technical Note on Using the Movement Velocity to Estimate the Relative Load in Resistance Exercises - Letter to the Editor.

Two studies attempted to provide a good estimation of relative load from movement velocity measured in bench press and full squat, but both contain methodological issues concerning the predicted equations used to address load-velocity relationship that coaches should be aware of.

Load–velocity profiling in the military press exercise: Effects of gender and training

This study aimed (1) to analyze the accuracy of mean propulsive velocity to predict the percentage of the 1-repetition maximum in the seated military press exercise and (2) to test the effect of

Changes in the Load-Velocity Profile Following Power- and Strength-Oriented Resistance-Training Programs.

The individualized load-velocity profile (ie, velocity associated with different % 1RM) of lower-body and upper-body exercises can be modified after a 4-wk resistance-training program.