- Published 2006

0031-9007= Molecular dynamics simulations are employed to obtain the velocity autocorrelation function (VAF) for hard spheres, spanning a wide range of volume fractions from dilute to high-density metastable fluids. For all volume fractions below freezing, Alder’s classical positive 3=2 long-time tail is observed. For volume fractions from 0.45 to 0.48 the VAF becomes negative, before becoming positive and decaying with the positive 3=2 long-time tail. At the freezing volume fraction (0.494) the Alder 3=2 tail is not observed. At higher volume fractions a negative tail with an exponent of 5=2 emerges, which coincides with the longtime tail of a Lorentz gas.

@inproceedings{Williams2006VelocityAF,
title={Velocity Autocorrelation Functions of Hard-Sphere Fluids: Long-Time Tails upon Undercooling},
author={Stephen Ross Williams and Gary Bryant and I. K. Snook and W. van Megen},
year={2006}
}