Velocity Autocorrelation Functions of Hard-Sphere Fluids: Long-Time Tails upon Undercooling

Abstract

0031-9007= Molecular dynamics simulations are employed to obtain the velocity autocorrelation function (VAF) for hard spheres, spanning a wide range of volume fractions from dilute to high-density metastable fluids. For all volume fractions below freezing, Alder’s classical positive 3=2 long-time tail is observed. For volume fractions from 0.45 to 0.48 the VAF becomes negative, before becoming positive and decaying with the positive 3=2 long-time tail. At the freezing volume fraction (0.494) the Alder 3=2 tail is not observed. At higher volume fractions a negative tail with an exponent of 5=2 emerges, which coincides with the longtime tail of a Lorentz gas.

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Williams2006VelocityAF, title={Velocity Autocorrelation Functions of Hard-Sphere Fluids: Long-Time Tails upon Undercooling}, author={Stephen Ross Williams and Gary Bryant and I. K. Snook and W. van Megen}, year={2006} }