Velamentous umbilical cord insertion may be suspected from maternal serum α‐fetoprotein and hCG

@article{Heinonen1996VelamentousUC,
  title={Velamentous umbilical cord insertion may be suspected from maternal serum $\alpha$‐fetoprotein and hCG},
  author={Seppo Heinonen and Markku Ryyn{\"a}nen and Pertti P Kirkinen and Seppo Saarikoski},
  journal={BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics \& Gynaecology},
  year={1996},
  volume={103}
}
Objective Patients with unexplained elevations in second trimester maternal serum α‐fetoprotein or human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) concentrations are at increased risk as regards a variety of pregnancy complications and adverse perinatal outcomes. Evidence suggests that elevated α‐fetoprotein and hCG concentrations may, in some case, be sensitive indicators of underlying placental pathology, either vascular or inflammatory in nature. The present study was carried out to compare these… 
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TLDR
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Abdominal wall and umbilical cord anomalies.
Relationship between placental morphology and histological findings in an unselected population near term
TLDR
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Women's experiences of prenatal serum screening.
TLDR
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TLDR
A paucity of lobes was associated with extrachorial placenta, marginal cord insertion, pre‐eclampsia, gestational age less than 38 weeks and small for Gestational age infants.
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Some disorders of the umbilical cord—Single umbilical artery, oedema of the cord, battledore insertion and velamentous insertion—have been examined in a prospectively randomized material. The
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TLDR
Elevated mid-trimester maternal serum beta-HCG may be an independent risk factor for subsequent adverse pregnancy outcomes and is reviewed retrospectively the pregnancy outcomes among women with markedly elevated midtrimester beta- HCG in the prenatal screening program.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
From 54 cases reported in the literature since 1952, it appears that the fetal mortality is likely to remain very high in this condition, at least for the foreseeable future.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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