Vegan–vegetarian diets in pregnancy: danger or panacea? A systematic narrative review

  title={Vegan–vegetarian diets in pregnancy: danger or panacea? A systematic narrative review},
  author={GB Piccoli and Roberta Clari and Fn Vigotti and Filomena Leone and Rossella Attini and Gianfranca Cabiddu and Giuseppe Mauro and Natascia Castelluccia and Nicoletta Colombi and Irene Capizzi and Alberto J. Pani and Tullia Todros and Paolo Avagnina},
  journal={BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics \& Gynaecology},
  pages={623 - 633}
Although vegan–vegetarian diets are increasingly popular, no recent systematic reviews on vegan–vegetarian diets in pregnancy exist. 

Vegans, vegetarians and pregnancy

  • G. Winter
  • Medicine
    British Journal of Midwifery
  • 2019
Increasing numbers of people are choosing to follow a vegetarian or vegan diet. What effect does cutting out meat and other animal products have on the pregnant woman and the baby?

Dietary diversity and nutritional status of pregnant women attending an ante-natal clinic in KZN

Submitted in fulfillment of the requirements of the Masters of Applied Science in Food and Nutrition, Durban University of Technology, Durban, South Africa, 2018.

Nutritive support for pregnant women in the practice of a medical nurse

The article is devoted to the issues of nutritional characteristics and nutritional support of the mother and the fetus during physiological pregnancy and the need to take vitamin-mineral complexes.

Is a vegetarian diet safe to follow during pregnancy? A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies

Large-scale prospective studies focusing on pre- and/or early gestational nutrition will help clarify the correlation between vegetarian diet and various pregnancy outcomes, as well as reach conclusive results regarding the risks of hypospadias, intrauterine growth retardation, maternal anemia, and gestational diabetes mellitus.

Vegetarian diets in children: a systematic review

Due to the study heterogeneity, the small samples, the bias towards upper social classes, the scarcity of recent studies, the existing data do not allow us to draw firm conclusions on health benefits or risks of present-day vegetarian type diets on the nutritional or health status of children and adolescents in industrialized countries.

The Effects of Vegetarian and Vegan Diet during Pregnancy on the Health of Mothers and Offspring

A design of pregestational nutrition intervention is required in order to avoid maternal undernutrition and consequent impaired fetal growth and possible unfavorable outcomes related to micronutrients deficiencies and their impact on fetal development.

Vegan-vegetarian low-protein supplemented diets in pregnant CKD patients: fifteen years of experience

Moderate protein restriction in the context of a vegan-vegetarian supplemented diet is confirmed as a safe option in the management of pregnant CKD patients.

The impact of a vegan diet on pregnancy outcomes

The vegan diet was significantly associated with an increased risk of small-for-gestational-age newborns compared only to an omnivore diet and lower birthweight.



A maternal vegetarian diet in pregnancy is associated with hypospadias

The possible role of the maternal diet, particularly vegetarianism and consumption of phytoestrogens, in the origin of hypospadias, which is reported to be increasing in prevalence, is investigated.

Effect of dietary habits on prevalence of anemia in pregnant women of Delhi

Aim:  To see the effect of various dietary habits, such as a vegetarian diet or various types of meat, on the prevalence of anemia in pregnant women.

Nutritional assessment in vegetarians and vegans: questions clinicians should ask.

Questions to use to quickly assess for potential dietary drivers of clinical symptoms and how to resolve or minimize problematic symptoms are listed.

Vegetarian supplemented low-protein diets. A safe option for pregnant CKD patients: report of 12 pregnancies in 11 patients.

  • G. PiccoliR. Attini T. Todros
  • Medicine
    Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association
  • 2011
The experience with supplemented vegetarian low protein diets in pregnancy, as a "rescue treatment" for severe CKD and/or proteinuria, suggests considering vegetarian diets as an additional tool in the management of pregnant CKD patients.

Position of the American Dietetic Association: vegetarian diets.

Health effects of vegan diets.

  • W. Craig
  • Biology, Medicine
    The American journal of clinical nutrition
  • 2009
A vegetarian diet is associated with many health benefits because of its higher content of fiber, folic acid, vitamins C and E, potassium, magnesium, and many phytochemicals and a fat content that is more unsaturated.

Preeclampsia and Reproductive Performance in a Community of Vegans

Since preeclampsia in the authors' culture is frequently associated with unrestrained consumption of “fast foods” (foods having high levels of saturated fat) and rapid weight gain, it is possible that a vegan diet could alleviate most, if not all, of the signs and symptoms of preeclamping.

Vegetarian diets and blood pressure: a meta-analysis.

Consumption of vegetarian diets is associated with lower BP and such diets could be a useful nonpharmacologic means for reducing BP.

Taiwanese Vegetarians and Omnivores: Dietary Composition, Prevalence of Diabetes and IFG

A strong protective association between Taiwanese vegetarian diet and diabetes/IFG is found, after controlling for various potential confounders and risk factors.

Vegetarian low-protein diets supplemented with keto analogues: a niche for the few or an option for many?

  • G. PiccoliM. Ferraresi F. Porpiglia
  • Medicine
    Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association
  • 2013
The data suggest a wider offer of LPD-KA to patients with severe and progressive CKD, and the promising results in terms of mortality and progression need confirmation with different study designs.