Vector analysis of astigmatism changes by flattening, steepening, and torque

@article{Alpins1997VectorAO,
  title={Vector analysis of astigmatism changes by flattening, steepening, and torque},
  author={Noel Alpins},
  journal={Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery},
  year={1997},
  volume={23},
  pages={1503–1514}
}
  • N. Alpins
  • Published 1 December 1997
  • Medicine, Physics
  • Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Astigmatism analysis by the Alpins method
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  • Medicine, Physics
    Journal of cataract and refractive surgery
  • 2001
Astigmatism Surprise After Refractive Surgery
TLDR
Vector analysis is a useful tool to calculate the effects of a misaligned treatment on the remaining astigmatism.
Assessment of Surgically Induced Astigmatism: Toward an International Standard
Surgically induced astigmatism: distinguishing between dioptric vectors and non-vectors.
To the Editor: I read with interest the October editorial, “JRS Standard for Reporting Astigmatism Outcomes of Refractive Surgery”1 by Reinstein et al.; however, some clarification is required. I
Astigmatism correction with toric implantable collamer lens in low and high astigmatism groups
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The correction of astigmatism by the implantation of toric phakic lenses of the posterior chamber is safe and effective, independently of the amount of cylinder corrected.
Astigmatism analysis: the spectrum of approaches.
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Format for Reporting Surgically Induced Astigmatism on Aggregate Data
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