Nonspecific effects of ligands on the beta-adrenergic receptors in rabbit abdominal aorta in vitro.
1. The effects of NF023, the symmetrical 3'-urea of 8-(benzamido)naphthalene-1,3,5-trisulphonic acid), and its parent compound suramin were investigated on vasoconstrictor responses to alpha, beta-methylene ATP in rabbit isolated saphenous artery and vasodilator responses to ATP in noradrenaline-precontracted rabbit isolated thoracic aorta. 2. In rabbit isolated saphenous artery, alpha, beta-methylene ATP-induced vasoconstrictor responses via P2X-receptors were concentration-dependently and competitively antagonised by NF023 (30-300 microM; pA2 = 5.69 +/- 0.04). Suramin (100-1000 microM) also competitively blocked vasoconstrictor responses to alpha, beta-methylene ATP, albeit with lower potency (pA2 = 4.79 +/- 0.05). In contrast, NF023 (100 microM) did not significantly affect contractile responses to noradrenaline or histamine in the saphenous artery. 3. In noradrenaline-precontracted rabbit isolated thoracic aorta preparations, ATP (3-3000 microM) concentration-dependently induced relaxations via endothelium-dependent or smooth muscle P2Y-receptor subtypes. NF023 (30-300 microM) failed to block relaxant responses to ATP at endothelium-dependent P2Y-receptors, whereas suramin (100-1000 microM) did antagonise endothelium-dependent vasodilator responses to ATP. Neither NF023 (100 microM) nor suramin (300 microM) influenced vasorelaxant responses to ATP via endothelium-independent P2Y-receptors. 4. In conclusion, this study outlines the selectivity of NF023 as an effective P2X-receptor antagonist in rabbit isolated blood vessels without affecting endothelium-dependent or endothelium-independent P2Y-receptor subtypes, adrenoceptors or histamine receptors.