Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide (VIP) Treatment of Parkinsonian Rats Increases Thalamic Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid (GABA) Levels and Alters the Release of Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) by Mast Cells


The ventral anterior nucleus of the thalamus (VATh) gathers motor information from the internal segment of the globus pallidus (GPi) and substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNpr) of the basal ganglia and projects directly to motor areas of cortex. GPi/SNpr send their tonically active gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic outputs to VATh. The abnormal firing… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s12031-009-9307-3


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