Vasculature of the parotoid glands of four species of toads (bufonidae: bufo)

@article{Hutchinson2004VasculatureOT,
  title={Vasculature of the parotoid glands of four species of toads (bufonidae: bufo)},
  author={Deborah A. Hutchinson and Alan H. Savitzky},
  journal={Journal of Morphology},
  year={2004},
  volume={260}
}
The parotoid glands of toads (Bufonidae) consist of large aggregations of granular glands located between the otic region of the skull and the scapular region. To determine the circulatory pattern of these glands, we perfused the vascular systems of Bufo alvarius, B. marinus, B. terrestris, and B. valliceps with either India ink or Microfil, a fine latex. The perfused glands were studied by gross dissection, microscopic examination, and histology. The vascular patterns of the parotoid glands… 
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