Vascular normalization as an emerging strategy to enhance cancer immunotherapy.

  title={Vascular normalization as an emerging strategy to enhance cancer immunotherapy.},
  author={Yuhui Huang and Shom Goel and Dan G Duda and Dai Fukumura and Rakesh K. Jain},
  journal={Cancer research},
  volume={73 10},
The recent approval of Provenge has brought new hope for anticancer vaccine therapies. However, the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment seems to impair the efficacy of vaccine therapies. The abnormal tumor vasculature creates a hypoxic microenvironment that polarizes inflammatory cells toward immune suppression. Moreover, tumors systemically alter immune cells' proliferation, differentiation, and function via secretion of growth factors and cytokines. For example, VEGF, a major… CONTINUE READING
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Vascular normalizingdoses of antiangiogenic treatment reprogram the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment and enhance immunotherapy

  • HuangY, J Yuan, E Righi, KamounWS, AncukiewiczM, J Nezivar
  • Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2012;109:17561–6
  • 2012
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