Vascular malformations of the upper limb: a review of 270 patients.

@article{Upton1999VascularMO,
  title={Vascular malformations of the upper limb: a review of 270 patients.},
  author={Joseph Upton and Christopher John Coombs and John Butler Mulliken and Patricia E. Burrows and Sz Pap},
  journal={The Journal of hand surgery},
  year={1999},
  volume={24 5},
  pages={1019-35}
}
Vascular malformations of the upper limb were once thought to be impossible to properly diagnose and treat. We reviewed our experience with these malformations of the upper limb in 270 patients seen over a 28-year period. These anomalies were slightly more common in females than males (ratio, 1.5:1.0). The malformations were categorized as either slow flow (venous, n = 125; lymphatic, n = 47; capillary, n = 32; combined, n = 33) or fast flow (arterial, n = 33). Three categories of fast-flow… CONTINUE READING