Vascular endothelial growth factor and the potential therapeutic use of pegaptanib (macugen) in diabetic retinopathy.

Both clinical and preclinical findings have implicated vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the pathophysiology of diabetic macular edema (DME). VEGF is both a potent enhancer of vascular permeability and a key inducer of angiogenesis. VEGF levels are elevated in the eyes of patients with DME, and in animal models of diabetes this elevation… CONTINUE READING