The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a major angiogenic factor, is known to play an important role in the development of endometriosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of three VEGF (-460 C/T, +405 G/C, and +936 C/T) polymorphisms with the risk of endometriosis in the Tunisian population. This study includes 105 women with endometriosis and 150 women with no laparoscopic evidence of disease. Genotyping of the VEGF -460 C/T, +405 G/C, and +936 C/T polymorphisms were performed by polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). The distribution of genotypes (P = 0.006) and allele (P = 0.0009) frequencies of the +936 C/T polymorphism was significantly different between patients and controls. Patients with stages III-IV endometriosis showed a higher VEGF + 936T allele frequency than controls (P = 0.0001). However, the distribution of genotypes and allele frequencies of the VEGF -460 C/T and +405 G/C polymorphisms did not differ significantly between endometriosis patients and controls. These findings suggest that the VEGF +936 C/T polymorphism may be a risk factor for endometriosis development and the VEGF +936 T allele is associated with an increased risk of stages III-IV endometriosis in the Tunisian population.