Varieties of disgust faces and the structure of disgust.

@article{Rozin1994VarietiesOD,
  title={Varieties of disgust faces and the structure of disgust.},
  author={Paul Rozin and L Lowery and Roger Ebert},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={1994},
  volume={66 5},
  pages={
          870-81
        }
}
In 3 facial expression identification studies, college students matched a variety of disgust faces to verbally described eliciting situations. The faces depicted specific muscle action movements in accordance with P. Ekman and W. V. Friesen's (1978) Facial Action Coding System. The nose wrinkle is associated with either irritating or offensive smells and, to some extent, bad tastes. Gape and tongue extrusion are associated primarily with what we call core or food-offense disgust and also oral… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

General and specific abilities to recognise negative emotions, especially disgust, as portrayed in the face and the body

There is no relation between individual differences in obsessive‐compulsive disorder (OCD) tendencies or disgust sensitivity, in a normal sample and the ability to detect disgust.

Leaving a bad taste in your mouth but not in my insula.

Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, it is shown that activity in the anterior insula/frontal operculum is seen only in response to canonical disgust faces, exhibiting the nose wrinkle and upper lip curl, and not in Response to distaste facial expressions, exhibiting a mouth gape and tongue protrusion.

ATTACHMENT AND ATTENTIONAL BIASES FOR FACIAL ExPRESSIONS OF DISGUST

Research on biological and psychological functions of disgust is increasing, yet relatively little is known about how people react to facial displays of disgust. This study used the dot probe task to

A specific neural substrate for perceiving facial expressions of disgust

Functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to examine the neural substrate for perceiving disgust expressions and found the neural response to facial expressions of disgust in others is thus closely related to appraisal of distasteful stimuli.

The word disgust may refer to more than one emotion.

In both studies, the modal facial expression for physical disgust was the "sick face" developed by Widen, Pochedly, Pieloch, and Russell (2013), which shows someone about to vomit and the standard disgust face or, when available, an anger face.

Children's recognition of disgust in others.

The hypothesis that children recognize disgust from its purported facial signal is questioned, with a majority of children studied believe that the standard disgust face indicates anger, and children may be actively learning to interpret the expression.

The Influence of Context on Distinct Facial Expressions of Disgust

Findings provide support that physical similarity within discrete categories of facial expressions is mutable and plays an important role in affective face perception.

Disgust and anger perception of ambiguous facial expressions in obsessive-compulsive disorder

Objectives : The aim of this study is to examine the recognition of non-ambiguous and ambiguous facial expressions in OCD patients compared to normal controls, especially in relations to disgust

What emotion does the "facial expression of disgust" express?

The emotion attributed to the prototypical "facial expression of disgust" (a nose scrunch) depended on what facial expressions preceded it, but as angry when the anger scowl was omitted.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 29 REFERENCES

Relativity in the Perception of Emotion in Facial Expressions

SUMMARY The same facial expression will be seen as expressing different types and degrees of emotion, depending on what other faces are seen. A relatively neutral face seems sad when presented

A perspective on disgust.

The ontogeny of disgust, which the author believes develops during the first 8 years of life, is considered and the idea that feces, the universal disgust object, is also the first is explored, and the mechanisms for the acquisition of disgust are examined.

Differential facial responses to four basic tastes in newborns.

These findings demonstrate that newborns differentiate sour and bitter from each other and from salt, as well as discriminating sweet versus nonsweet tastes.

Voluntary facial action generates emotion-specific autonomic nervous system activity.

Results indicated that voluntary facial activity produced significant levels of subjective experience of the associated emotion, and that autonomic distinctions among emotions were found both between negative and positive emotions and among negative emotions.

A new pan-cultural facial expression of emotion

We obtained the first evidence of a facial expression unique to contempt. Contrary to our prediction, this contempt expression was not culture-specific but was recognized by people in Estonia S.S.R.,

The child's conception of food: the development of food rejections with special reference to disgust and contamination sensitivity.

Structured interviews with 3.5-12-year-old children and their mothers were directed at documenting the development of 4 psychological categories of food rejection, which further differentiates into affectively laden rejections of substances that become offensive ( disgusts ) and more neutral rejection of substances as simply not food (inappropriate).

Handbook of social psychophysiology

Part 1 Central processes in emotions: the neurobiology of emotions - of animal brains and human feelings, Jaak Panksepp emotion and brain lateralization, Don M.Tucker and Sherri L.Frederick. Part 2

Universals and cultural differences in facial expressions of emotion.

Handbook of Emotions

Part 1. Interdisciplinary Foundations. R.C. Solomon, The Philosophy of Emotions. P.N. Stearns, History of Emotions: Issues of Change and Impact. J.E. Stets, J.H. Turner, The Sociology of Emotions. J.