Varieties of Retribution

@article{Cottingham1979VarietiesOR,
  title={Varieties of Retribution},
  author={J. Cottingham},
  journal={The Philosophical Quarterly},
  year={1979},
  volume={29},
  pages={238-246}
}
One of the functions of philosophy is to combat ambiguity and muddle. Yet in discussions of the justification of punishment, philosophers persist in talking of 'retribution' and 'retributive theory' as if these labels stood for something relatively simple and straightforward. The fact is that the term 'retributive' as used in philosophy has become so imprecise and multivocal that it is doubtful whether it any longer serves a useful purpose. In this paper I shall attempt to separate out no less… Expand