Variations of emotional display rules within and across cultures: A comparison between Canada, USA, and Japan.

  title={Variations of emotional display rules within and across cultures: A comparison between Canada, USA, and Japan.},
  author={S. Safdar and W. Friedlmeier and D. Matsumoto and S. Yoo and C. T. Kwantes and H. Kakai and Eri Shigemasu},
  journal={Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science},
This study investigates emotional display rules for seven basic emotions. The main goal was to compare emotional display rules of Canadians, US Americans, and Japanese across as well as within cultures regarding the specific emotion, the type of interaction partner, and gender. A total of 835 university students participated in the study. The results indicate that Japanese display rules permit the expression of powerful (anger, contempt, and disgust) significantly less than those of the two… Expand

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