Variations of Gender–math Stereotype Content Affect Women’s Vulnerability to Stereotype Threat

  title={Variations of Gender–math Stereotype Content Affect Women’s Vulnerability to Stereotype Threat},
  author={Dustin B. Thoman and Paul A. White and Niwako Yamawaki and Hirofumi Koishi},
  journal={Sex Roles},
To determine whether variations in stereotype content salience moderates stereotype threat effects, 66 US female undergraduate students were given a standardized math exam, and the salience of specific gender–math stereotype content was manipulated before the exam. Women exerted more effort on each problem and performed better on a math exam when threatened with an effort-based stereotype compared to when threatened with the ability-based stereotype or control (where no stereotype was… 

An Experimental Study of the Effects of Stereotype Threat and Stereotype Lift on Men and Women's Performance in Mathematics

In this study the authors examined the differential effects of stereotype threat and lift between genders on math test performance. They asked 3 questions: (a) What is the effect of gender on math

Stereotype Threat Leads to Reduction in Number of Math Problems Women Attempt

The arousal hypotheses of stereotype threat and a simple, instructional intervention first used by Johns, Schmader, and Martens (2005) to alleviate the effect in women’s math performance were tested.

The roots of stereotype threat: when automatic associations disrupt girls' math performance.

This paradox was addressed by testing whether automatic associations trigger stereotype threat in young girls, and results showed that girls' automatic associations varied as a function of a manipulation regarding the stereotype content.

A lesson not to be learned? Understanding stereotype threat does not protect women from stereotype threat

This research examines whether reading a text presenting scientific evidence concerning the phenomenon of stereotype threat improves or disrupts women’s performance in a subsequent math task. In two

Stereotype boost and stereotype threat effects: the moderating role of ethnic identification.

  • Brian E Armenta
  • Psychology
    Cultural diversity & ethnic minority psychology
  • 2010
ethnic group identification as a moderator of effects in the math performance of Asian Americans and Latinos, who are positively and negatively stereotyped in this domain, respectively, showed that high ethnically identified Asian Americans performed better and high ethnical identified Latinos performed worse when an ethnicity-ethnic stereotype cue was present.

Gender, Stereotype Threat and Mathematics Test Scores

Problem statement: Stereotype threat has repeatedly been shown to depress women’s scores on difficult math tests. An attempt to replicate these findings in China found no support for the stereotype

The effect of stereotype threat on women's mathematical performance and motivation

Stereotype threat theory (STT) asserts that targets of negative stereotypes experience a performance-interfering evaluative threat, which arises from a pressure to disconfirm the relevant stereotype.

Women and Math Performance: the Effects of Stereotype Threat, Math Identity, and Gender Identity

Stereotype threat is a phenomenon that emerges when a negative task-relevant stereotype is activated; subsequently, participants may show poorer performance regardless of actual ability. One such

Losing its expected communal value: how stereotype threat undermines women’s identity as research scientists

The worry or concern over confirming negative gender group stereotypes, called stereotype threat, is one explanation for women’s worldwide underrepresentation in undergraduate science classes and



Stereotype Threat and Women's Math Performance

Abstract When women perform math, unlike men, they risk being judged by the negative stereotype that women have weaker math ability. We call this predicament stereotype threat and hypothesize that

When White Men Can't Do Math: Necessary and Sufficient Factors in Stereotype Threat

Abstract Research on “stereotype threat” (Aronson, Quinn, & Spencer, 1998; Steele, 1997; Steele & Aronson, 1995) suggests that the social stigma of intellectual inferiority borne by certain cultural

A threat in the air. How stereotypes shape intellectual identity and performance.

  • C. Steele
  • Psychology
    The American psychologist
  • 1997
Research shows that this threat dramatically depresses the standardized test performance of women and African Americans who are in the academic vanguard of their groups, that it causes disidentification with school, and that practices that reduce this threat can reduce these negative effects.

Stereotype threat and the intellectual test performance of African Americans.

The role of stereotype vulnerability in the standardized test performance of ability-stigmatized groups is discussed and mere salience of the stereotype could impair Blacks' performance even when the test was not ability diagnostic.

Clearing the air: identity safety moderates the effects of stereotype threat on women's leadership aspirations.

Exposing participants to gender-stereotypic TV commercials designed to elicit the female stereotype, the present research explored whether vulnerability to stereotype threat could persuade women to

Reducing the Effects of Stereotype Threat on African American College Students by Shaping Theories of Intelligence

Abstract African American college students tend to obtain lower grades than their White counterparts, even when they enter college with equivalent test scores. Past research suggests that negative

Development of the Domain Identification Measure: A Tool for Investigating Stereotype Threat Effects

The present study examined the psychometric properties of an individual difference measure of identification within the mathematics and English domains (which may be substituted for any domain of

Signaling Threat

Objective and subjective measures of identity threat were collected from male and female math, science, and engineering majors who watched an MSE conference video depicting either an unbalanced ratio of men to women or a balanced ratio.