Variations of Gender–math Stereotype Content Affect Women’s Vulnerability to Stereotype Threat

@article{Thoman2008VariationsOG,
  title={Variations of Gender–math Stereotype Content Affect Women’s Vulnerability to Stereotype Threat},
  author={Dustin B. Thoman and Paul A. White and Niwako Yamawaki and Hirofumi Koishi},
  journal={Sex Roles},
  year={2008},
  volume={58},
  pages={702-712}
}
To determine whether variations in stereotype content salience moderates stereotype threat effects, 66 US female undergraduate students were given a standardized math exam, and the salience of specific gender–math stereotype content was manipulated before the exam. Women exerted more effort on each problem and performed better on a math exam when threatened with an effort-based stereotype compared to when threatened with the ability-based stereotype or control (where no stereotype was… 
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