Variations in solar luminosity and their effect on the Earth's climate

  title={Variations in solar luminosity and their effect on the Earth's climate},
  author={Peter V. Foukal and Claus Fr{\"o}hlich and H. C. Spruit and Tom M. L. Wigley},
Variations in the Sun's total energy output (luminosity) are caused by changing dark (sunspot) and bright structures on the solar disk during the 11-year sunspot cycle. The variations measured from spacecraft since 1978 are too small to have contributed appreciably to accelerated global warming over the past 30 years. In this Review, we show that detailed analysis of these small output variations has greatly advanced our understanding of solar luminosity change, and this new understanding… Expand

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  • J. Haigh
  • Environmental Science, Biology
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2002
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