Variations in relative age effects in individual sports: Skiing, figure skating and gymnastics

  title={Variations in relative age effects in individual sports: Skiing, figure skating and gymnastics},
  author={Joseph Baker and Christina Janning and Harmonie Wong and Stephen Paul Cobley and J. Schorer},
  journal={European Journal of Sport Science},
  pages={S183 - S190}
Abstract In many sports, policy-makers and administrators employ annual cohorts to reduce differences between athletes during childhood and youth. Although well-intended, unintended relative age effects (RAEs) usually occur. RAEs refer to the specific selection, participation and attainment disadvantages associated with participants’ birthdates relative to an arbitrary ‘cutoff’ date used to group participants within annual age groups. To date, we have little understanding of RAEs in individual… 

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